Tittle: Homogenization of Cultural Outcomes in Literature: Teenlit and the Challenges to Bahasa Indonesia

written by : Davina Azalia Khan
Department of International Relations
Universitas Gadjah Mada – Indonesia


The paper is trying to study and find the relation among globalization and literature, especially on how homogenization happens to teenlit as cultural outcomes in Indonesia. Furthermore, how it can influence the way people communicate or challenge to Bahasa Indonesia as national language.

Starting from the fact in recent 10 years, Indonesian literatures have been developed and started into a new world. The emerging of novel in popular genre or contemporary style has been increasing rapidly. This genre is called teenlit. It might be supported by the new domestic political circumstances. Many scholars argue that the main supporting system after political reformation in Indonesia (1998) has significant implication to the social and cultural aspects. Openness, freedom of speech, and freedom of expression become main issue afterwards. In addition, it decreased the gap of globalization wave that had been developed since late 1980s.

Globalization can be defined as the intensification among social relations. David Held (1999, p. 16) sees globalization is a process fuelled by, and resulting in, increasing cross-border flows of goods, services, money, people, information, and culture, while sociologist Anthony Giddens (1990, p. 64, 1991, p. 21) proposes to regard globalization as a decoupling or “distanciation” between space and time. From the definition above, we can see that globalization is kind of a set of intensification process among social relations around the world that related in easy way. What people do from one region influences another people from other region; even determine what they prefer to do afterwards, in almost all aspects of human life including idea, culture and the outcomes.
Literature is a creative writing contains idea, aesthetic, value, and other cultural aspects. From literature, the writer tells specific ideas and delivers important values to the readers. It creates a process of transferring information and sharing ideas. Furthermore, the readers are possible to tell what they got from the literature to other people. It means literature is something that can be produced, distributed, and consumed. Globalization since along time helped the distribution process from one to another region. In addition, literature can be seen as one of indication how civilization developed well. And it could create kind of standard for writing style where the product from “civilized” region leads the way. It also happens in Indonesian literature. Could it be influence the use of language? Or even social life?

Through finding some characteristics on Indonesian teenlit and the imported one, hopefully this paper is useful to study of globalization, literature, and cultural studies. That how globalization works on literature shifted to homogenization and further implication to the use of Bahasa Indonesia as national language.

Keywords : globalization, homogenization, teenlit, literature, culture

** This paper was presented on 1st International Conference on Globalization, Governance, and Sustainability for Youth in ASEAN, 19-22 March 2011, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang – Malaysia.

click the file you want to download:

I hope it could be useful to everyone.
thank you :)


~ by davinaazalia on May 21, 2012.


  1. hi! the article is very interesting!

    • hello Heeseon. thank you 🙂
      wanna get the password for the paper? I’ll send it to your email..

  2. Dear Davina
    May I get a copy of your paper? It sounds very interesting. I have also been researching the language of teenlit, so it would be nice to read someone else’s work on this topic.


    Novi Djenar
    Senior Lecturer & Chair
    Department of Indonesian Studies
    The University of Sydney

    • Dear Ibu Novi,

      Terima kasih sudah tertarik dengan paper saya.. sebenarnya saya agak malu untuk membaginya Bu. hasil karya mahasiswa S1, jadi masih biasa-biasa saja.. hehe
      saya kirim melalui email Ibu saja nggih..

      Matur nuwun sudah mampir 🙂

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: